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In Vitro Fertilization: IVF Infertility

 

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF): What is it?

In Vitro Fertilization is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) commonly referred to as IVF. IVF is the process of fertilization by extracting eggs, retrieving a sperm sample, and then manually combining an egg and sperm in a laboratory dish. The embryo(s) is then transferred to the uterus. Other forms of ART include gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) and zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT).

Why is IVF used?

IVF can be used to treat infertility in the following patients:

  • Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes

  • Male factor infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility

  • Women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids

  • Women who have had their fallopian tubes removed

  • Individuals with a genetic disorder

  • Unexplained infertility

What is involved with in vitro fertilization?

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